Studies and Research

BioInitiative Report: A Rationale for a Biologically-based Public Exposure Standard for Electromagnetic Fields (ELF and RF) :

The BioInitiative 2012 Report was prepared by 29 authors from ten countries, ten holding medical degrees (MDs), 21 PhDs, and three MsC, MA or MPHs. Among the authors are three former presidents of the Bioelectromagnetics Society, and five full members of BEMS.



Bioeffects are clearly established to occur with very low exposure levels (non-thermal levels) to electromagnetic fields and radiofrequency radiation exposures.

Please listen to the Ramazzini Institute link below: Ramazzini & National Toxicology Report

The peer reviewed study entitled “Report of final results regarding brain and heart tumors in Sprague-Dawley rats exposed from prenatal life until natural death to mobile phone radiofrequency field representative of a 1.8 GHz base station environmental emission” by L. Falcioni, L. Bua, E.Tibaldi, M. Lauriola, L. De Angelis, F. Gnudi, D. Mandrioli, M. Manservigi, F. Manservisi, I. Manzoli, I. Menghetti, R. Montella, S. Panzacchi, D. Sgargi, V. Strollo, A.Vornoli, F. Belpoggi was published in Environmental Research published by Elsevier.

Biographies of Some Researchers

Fiorella Belpoggi, PhD
Lead author of the new study will discuss how the research was designed to test cell tower base station radiation association with cancer. Dr. Belpoggi is the Director of the Ramazzini Institute Research Department and Director of the Cesare Maltoni Research Center, Bologna, Italy. Dr. Belpoggi has been invited as an expert participant to meetings on the evaluation and safety of chemicals at the European Parliament, at the Directorate General for Health and Consumer Affairs and at the European Food Safety Agency and as a temporary advisor to the World Health Organization/European Centre for Environment and Health .Ramazzini Institute investigators have completed nearly 500 cancer bioassays on more than 200 compounds.

Lennart Hardell, MD, PhD
Dr. Hardell is a clinical and medical research doctor at the Department of Oncology, University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden. He has published more than 300 peer-reviewed scientific articles specializing in epidemiological research studying cancer risks related to exposure to environmental toxins such as Agent Orange, the herbicide glyphosate, and cell phone radiofrequency radiation. As one of the world’s leading experts on this topic, he served as an expert on the World Health Organization International Agency for the Research on Cancer EMF (Electromagnetic Fields) Working Group for the classification of radiofrequency fields in 2011.

Ron Melnick, PhD
Dr. Melnick is a toxicologist, served 28 years a a scientist with the National Institutes of Health focused on assessing human health risks of environmental chemicals. He lead the design of the $28 Million National Toxicology Program (NTP) Studies on Cell Phone Radiofrequency Radiation. Dr. Melnick can discuss comparisons between the Ramazzini Institute research and the recently released NTP data on cell phone exposure on rats and mice.

David O. Carpenter, MD
Dr. Carpenter is a public health physician and graduate of Harvard Medical School. He is the Director of the Institute for Health and the Environment, a Collaborating Centre of the World Health Organization, and former Dean of the School of Public Health at the University at Albany. He has been involved in this topic since the 1980s when he served as the Executive Secretary of the New York State Powerlines Project. He is Co-editor of the Bioinitiative Report and has testified on EMF issues to both houses of Congress and also to the President’s Cancer Panel. He has two books and numerous publications on EMF, and over 400 peer-reviewed publications on various aspects of human health and environmental exposures.

Devra Davis, MPH, PhD
Dr. Davis is an epidemiologist, former member of the National Toxicology Program Scientific Review Board is currently Visiting Professor of Medicine at The Hebrew University Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel, and Ondokuz Mayis University Medical School, Turkey. She was Founding Director, Center for Environmental Oncology, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute. President of Environmental Health Trust, she is also an award-winning scientist and author on environmental health issues. She can address the emerging studies on cell phone radiation worldwide.

Annie J. Sasco DSc, MD, PhD
Retired Director of Research at the INSERM (French NIH) and former Unit Chief at International Agency for the Research on Cancer World Health Organization, France
Learn more about this study here

Also see:  Electromagnetic Radiation Safety: Ramazzini Institute Cell Phone Radiation Study Replicates

Henry Lai’s Research Summaries

Prof. Henry Lai, PhD (emeritus)
Department of Bioengineering
University of Washington
Seattle, Washington USA

These are invaluable resources that can are searchable by key words.  These abstracts cover the relevant peer-reviewed, published literature documenting biological effects of non-ionizing radiation (ELF-EMF, Static Fields and RFR).

Since 2017, the large number of newly published studies on neurological effects; and on free radical damage (oxidative effects) has warranted updating our research summaries again in 2019.  The graphics showing percent ‘effect vs no effect’ are also brought current for the 2019 research summaries.

  • ELF-EMF and Static Field Free Radical (Oxidative Effects) Abstracts
    • (229 studies, 203 (89%) E, 26(11%) NE)
  • RFR Free Radical (Oxidative ) Abstracts
    • (225 studies, 203 (89%) E, 26(11%) NE)
  • ELF-EMF Neurological Effects abstracts
    • 229 studies, 208 (91%) E; 21 (9%) NE
  • RFR Neurological Effects abstracts
    • (305 studies, 222 (72%) E, 83 (28%) NE)

The RFR abstracts collection (1990-2017), the Comet Assay Abstracts (2017) and the Electrosensitivity Abstracts (2017) remain the same.


Scientific evidence invalidates health assumptions underlying the ICNIRP exposure limit determinations for radiofrequency radiation: implications for 5G – Environmental Health

In this paper, we highlight studies that demonstrate the fallacy of inherent assumptions in the ICNIRP guidelines for RF radiation exposure limits, and we find that the limits fail to protect human and environmental health. Fourteen assumptions that underlie the RFR exposure limits established in the 1990s and reaffirmed in 2020 by the FCC and ICNIRP are addressed in this paper

Exposure limits for RF radiation are based on numerous assumptions; however, research studies published over the past 25 years show that most of those assumptions are not supported by scientific evidence.